World War I

World War I

Kobarid museum

The famous museum about the findings during the First World War received the highest national certificate for museums, the Council of Europe Museum Prize and was nominated for the European Museum of the Year Award.

Kluže & Fort Herman

This majestic fort above the Koritnica gorge is one of the most visited cultural sights in the Soča valley. It is an important monument to the defence against Turkish invasions, Napoleon's army and attacks during World War One.

Javorca

High above the bed of the Tolminka River, there is a wooden sacred place, the Memorial Church of the Holy Spirit in Javorca, which bears the European Cultural Heritage label.

Outdoor museums

In each corner of the Soča Valley an indelible memory of World War I rests.

Military cemeteries

To remind us of the fallen soldiers at the Isonzo Front and what war means both for the individual and for humankind, there are six military cemeteries in the Soča Valley.

Private collections

Collections of interesting objects that were used by soldiers during the Isonzo Front and other interesting private collections.

During World War I the Soča Valley was the scene of the greatest battles on the Slovenian grounds, which were also described in Ernest Hemingway’s novel A Farewell to Arms.

The famous Isonzo Front (1915–1917), the battlefield between the Italian and the Austro-Hungarian military, was 93 km long and was situated from the mighty Rombon (2,208 m) to the mouth of the River Soča in the Gulf of Trieste. The greatest battles in the mountain area in the history of humankind were marked by 11 bloody offensives by the Italian army and the last, 12th battle of the Isonzo, also known as the Miracle of Kobarid, in which the Austro-Hungarian soldiers received help by the German army and pushed the front line to the Piava River.

Those who like to research the military history, can visit the corners and the areas of the Soča Valley, where the mighty battles used to rage. The wrathful battles in the areas of Rombon, Bovška kotlina, Ravelnik, Krnsko pogorje and the mountain ridge above the Tolminska kotlina and Kobarid left many forts, caverns, trenches, the remains and cemeteries behind, which are now connected by The Walk of Peace.

Soča, A Clear Arch Will Stretch above You, around You A Hail of Lead

In one of the most beautiful Slovenian poems Soči (To the Soča), Simon Gregorčič prophetically foretold the bloody battles next to the River Soča more than a decade before the beginning of World War I, even though he was unable to anticipate such events. When Italy entered war, it was the towns of the Soča Valley that turned into a deadly battlefield.

Soči

... "A clear arch will stretch above you,
Around you a hail of lead,
Rain of blood and streams of tears,
Lightning and thunder – oh, stifling battle!


Bitter steel will strike upon these lands,
And you will flow full of blood:
Our blood will nourish you,
The enemy’s will muddy you!" ...

(an excerpt from the poem Soči, S. Gregorčič).